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Friday, July 24, 2009


As I grow up during my teenage years, there are lots of physical changes to my body as I also explore my sexuality. My voice become big and hoarse. Lots of hair grew in my legs, armpit, and even private parts as well as beard and moustache. Pimples sprout like mushroom everywhere in my face are just examples of physical change that I need to live by and adjust to.
One of the funniest physical changes that happen in all guys is the "wet dreams". It occurs mostly during the early stages of teenage years and on nights when most of us are sound asleep and dreaming. When we are beautifully dreaming of something and our private part contracts and becomes hard, it pops and pops and explode lots of liquid and when we woke up, we are surprised to feel that we unloaded lots of sticky fluid that comes from within us, that we even barely know even in our unconscious state. It happends several times to me and when I open it out and tell my family about it, they just laugh at it and told me it is just a normal event happening to a guy. Because of this, I began to wonder ask myself questions and try to find answers to this mystery as I unfold the changes that is happening to me.
The kinkiest thought appears on mind thinking the releasing of something is fun, relaxing and satisfying. I notice when my thing converts into steel it can easily release some sticky fluid and the way to keep my thing strong and hard to keep myself tight. The way to keep me tight is through fit jeans but I have a loose jeans so I tie my jeans tight in my ankle with a string so I can be a steel and my way of releasing all my anger is by rubbing. I rub my steel inside my jeans through our stair. Most late evenings I go up and down the stairs to rub my steel and just to vent out my anger. So funny and ridiculous and what a shame on my part and a bit embarassment so I decided to keep it to mysef.
I keep on thinking on way of how to get rid of it not until I saw pictures of soldiers in boots then suddenly my thing stands upright and converted into steel and I can't go control myself venting out. So I got now the idea and explanations to my questions that keeps my bugging for years since I was young that each time I saw or wear some boots like shoes I feel tight and my thing converts into steel and when I was young I hate to wear sneakers that almost resemble boots not until now when I grew up and realize its purpose. The boots fetish as they say is most popular in western countries mostly German and surrounding European countries but is now gaining grounds in Americas as well. The boots are popularized in pop culture by the western world gang or group called Skinheads. The idea of getting myself tight by just wearing or seeing someone in boots makes me kinky. I wonder I feel like a woman sometimes by feeling tight. lol!

Thursday, July 16, 2009

FIFA World Cup Trivia

Performances by host nations
See also: National team appearances in the FIFA World Cup#Results of host nations
Six of the seven champions have won one of their titles while playing in their own homeland, the exception being Brazil, who finished as runners-up after losing the deciding match on home soil in 1950.

England (1966) and France (1998) won their only titles while playing as host nations. Uruguay (1930), Italy (1934) and Argentina (1978) won their first titles as host nations but have gone on to win again, while Germany (1974) won their second title on home soil.

Other nations have also been successful when hosting the tournament. Sweden (runners-up in 1958), Chile (third place in 1962), Korea Republic (fourth place in 2002), Mexico (quarter-finals in 1970 and 1986), and Japan (second round in 2002) all have their best results when serving as hosts. So far, all host nations have progressed beyond the first round.

Best performances by continental zones
See also: National team appearances in the FIFA World Cup#Results by confederation
To date, the final of the World Cup has only been contested by European and South American teams. The two continents have won nine titles apiece. Only two teams from outside these two continents have ever reached the semi-finals of the competition: USA (North, Central America and Caribbean) in 1930 and Korea Republic (Asia) in 2002. The best result of an African team is reaching the quarter-finals: Cameroon in 1990 and Senegal in 2002. Oceania has only been represented in the World Cup three times, and an Oceanian qualifier has reached the second round once, as Australia qualified as an Oceanian nation in 2005, although they moved to the Asian Football Confederation before the beginning of the tournament.

All World Cups won by European teams have taken place in Europe and the only teams to have won outside Europe come from South America. The only non-European team to win a tournament in Europe is Brazil in 1958. Only twice have consecutive World Cups been won by teams from the same continent – when Italy and Brazil successfully defended their titles in 1938 and 1962 respectively.

Main article: FIFA World Cup awards
At the end of each World Cup, awards are presented to the players and teams for accomplishments other than their final team positions in the tournament. There are currently six awards:

The Golden Shoe (sometimes called the Golden Boot) for the top goalscorer (first awarded in 1982, but retrospectively applied to all tournaments from 1930); most recently, the Silver Shoe and the Bronze Shoe have been awarded to the second and third top goalscorers respectively;
The Golden Ball for the best player, determined by a vote of media members (first awarded in 1982); the Silver Ball and the Bronze Ball are awarded to the players finishing second and third in the voting respectively;
The Yashin Award for the best goalkeeper, decided by the FIFA Technical Study Group (first awarded in 1994);
The FIFA Fair Play Trophy for the team with the best record of fair play, according to the points system and criteria established by the FIFA Fair Play Committee (first awarded in 1978);
The Most Entertaining Team for the team that has entertained the public the most during the World Cup, determined by a poll of the general public (first awarded in 1994);
The Best Young Player Award for the best player aged 21 or younger at the start of the calendar year, decided by the FIFA Technical Study Group (first awarded in 2006).
An All-Star Team consisting of the best players of the tournament is also announced for each tournament since 1998.

Records and statistics

Main article: FIFA World Cup records
Two players share the record for playing in the most World Cups; Mexico's Antonio Carbajal and Germany's Lothar Matthäus both played in five tournaments. Matthäus has played the most World Cup matches overall, with 25 appearances. Brazil's Pelé is the only player to hold three World Cup winners' medals.

The overall leading goalscorer in World Cups is Brazil's Ronaldo, scorer of 15 goals in three tournaments. West Germany's Gerd Müller is second, with 14 goals in two tournaments. The third placed goalscorer, France's Just Fontaine, holds the record for the most goals scored in a single World Cup. All his 13 goals were scored in the 1958 tournament.

Brazil's Mário Zagallo and West Germany's Franz Beckenbauer are the only people to date to win the World Cup as both player and head coach. Zagallo won in 1958 and 1962 as a player and in 1970 as head coach. Beckenbauer won in 1974 as captain and in 1990 as head coach. Italy's Vittorio Pozzo is the only head coach to ever win two World Cups. All World Cup winning head coaches were natives of the country they coached to victory.

Source: Wikipedia

Sunday, July 12, 2009

FIFA World Cup Part 3


[edit] Summaries of previous tournaments
Year Host Nation(s) Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
Details Uruguay
Uruguay 4–2
United States [note 1]
Details Italy
Italy 2–1 aet
Germany 3–2
Details France
Italy 4–2
Brazil 4–2
Details Brazil
Uruguay [note 2]
Sweden [note 2]
Details Switzerland
West Germany 3–2
Austria 3–1
Details Sweden
Brazil 5–2
France 6–3
West Germany
Details Chile
Brazil 3–1
Chile 1–0
Details England
England 4–2 aet
West Germany
Portugal 2–1
Details Mexico
Brazil 4–1
West Germany 1–0
Details West Germany
West Germany 2–1
Poland 1–0
Details Argentina
Argentina 3–1 aet
Brazil 2–1
Details Spain
Italy 3–1
West Germany
Poland 3–2
Details Mexico
Argentina 3–2
West Germany
France 4–2 aet
Details Italy
West Germany 1–0
Italy 2–1
Details United States
Brazil 0–0 aet
(3–2) pen
Sweden 4–0
Details France
France 3–0
Croatia 2–1
Details South Korea
& Japan
Brazil 2–0
Turkey 3–2
Korea Republic
Details Germany
Italy 1–1 aet
(5–3) pen
Germany 3–1

aet — after extra time
pen — penalty shootout
1.^ There was no official World Cup Third Place match in 1930; The United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals. FIFA now recognizes the United States as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team, using the overall records of the teams in the tournament.[38]
2.^ a b There was no official World Cup final match in 1950.[39] The tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by four teams (Uruguay, Brazil, Sweden, and Spain). However, Uruguay's 2–1 victory over Brazil was the decisive match (and also coincidentally one of the last two matches of the tournament) which put them ahead on points and ensured that they finished top of the group as world champions. Therefore, this match is often considered the "final" of the 1950 World Cup.[40] Likewise, Sweden's 3–1 victory over Spain (played at the same time as Uruguay vs Brazil) ensured that they finished third.

Winners and finalists
See also: List of FIFA World Cup finals

Map of winning countries. In all, 75 nations have played in at least one World Cup.[41] Of these, only 11 have made it to the final match, and only seven have won. The seven national teams that have won the World Cup have added stars to the crest, located on their shirt, with each star representing a World Cup victory.

With five titles, Brazil are the most successful World Cup team and also the only nation to have played in every World Cup to date.[42] Italy (1934 and 1938) and Brazil (1958 and 1962) are the only nations to have won consecutive titles.

Below is a list of the 11 teams that have played in a World Cup final. Brazil and Germany each finished as either winners or runners-up seven times.

Team Titles Runners-up
5 (1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002)
2 (1950*, 1998)

4 (1934*, 1938, 1982, 2006)
2 (1970, 1994)

3 (1954, 1974*, 1990)
4 (1966, 1982, 1986, 2002)

2 (1978*, 1986)
2 (1930, 1990)

2 (1930*, 1950)

1 (1998*)
1 (2006)

1 (1966*)

– 2 (1974, 1978)

– 2 (1934, 1962)

– 2 (1938, 1954)

– 1 (1958*)

FIFA World Cup History

FIFA World Cup first stadium for playing in Montevideo, Uruguay, 1930; map of countries best performance in FIFA world cup; the FIFA World Cup trophy

Source: Wikipedia

Saturday, July 11, 2009

FIFA World Cup

The FIFA World Cup, occasionally called the Football World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, because of World War II.
The current format of the tournament involves 32 teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation(s) over a period of about a month – this phase is often called the World Cup Finals. A qualification phase, which currently takes place over the preceding three years, is used to determine which teams qualify for the tournament together with the host nation(s). The World Cup is the most widely-viewed sporting event in the world, with an estimated 715.1 million people watching the 2006 final.
Of the 18 tournaments held, seven nations have won the title. Brazil are the only team that have played in every tournament and have won the World Cup a record five times. Italy are the current champions and have won four titles, and Germany are next with three. The other former champions are Uruguay, winners of the inaugural tournament, and Argentina, with two titles each, and England and France, with one title each.
The most recent World Cup was held in Germany in 2006. The next World Cup will be held in South Africa, between 11 June and 11 July 2010, and the 2014 World Cup will be held in Brazil.

Previous international competitions
The world's first international football match was a challenge match played in Glasgow in 1872 between Scotland and England, with the first international tournament, the inaugural edition of the British Home Championship, taking place in 1884. At this stage the sport was rarely played outside the United Kingdom. As football began to increase in popularity in other parts of the world at the turn of the century, it was held as a demonstration sport with no medals awarded at the 1900 and 1904 Summer Olympics (however, the IOC has retroactively upgraded their status to official events), and at the 1906 Intercalated Games.
After FIFA was founded in 1904, there was an attempt made by FIFA to arrange an international football tournament between nations outside of the Olympic framework in Switzerland in 1906. These were very early days for international football, and the official history of FIFA describes the competition as having been a failure.
At the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, football became an official competition. Planned by The Football Association (FA), England's football governing body, the event was for amateur players only and was regarded suspiciously as a show rather than a competition. Great Britain (represented by the England national amateur football team) won the gold medals. They repeated the feat in 1912 in Stockholm, where the tournament was organized by the Swedish Football Association.
With the Olympic event continuing to be contested only between amateur teams, Sir Thomas Lipton organized the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy tournament in Turin in 1909. The Lipton tournament was a championship between individual clubs (not national teams) from different nations, each one of which represented an entire nation. The competition is sometimes described as The First World Cup, and featured the most prestigious professional club sides from Italy, Germany and Switzerland, but the FA of England refused to be associated with the competition and declined the offer to send a professional team. Lipton invited West Auckland, an amateur side from County Durham, to represent England instead. West Auckland won the tournament and returned in 1911 to successfully defend their title, and were given the trophy to keep forever, as per the rules of the competition.
In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a "world football championship for amateurs", and took responsibility for managing the event. This paved the way for the world's first intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, contested by Egypt and thirteen European teams, and won by Belgium. Uruguay won the next two Olympic football tournaments in 1924 and 1928.

First World Cup

Due to the success of the Olympic football tournaments, FIFA, with President Jules Rimet the driving force, again started looking at staging its own international tournament outside of the Olympics. On 28 May 1928, the FIFA Congress in Amsterdam decided to stage a world championship organised by FIFA. With Uruguay now two-time official football world champions (as 1924 was the start of FIFA's professional era) and to celebrate their centenary of independence in 1930, FIFA named Uruguay as the host country of the inaugural World Cup tournament.
The national associations of selected nations were invited to send a team, but the choice of Uruguay as a venue for the competition meant a long and costly trip across the Atlantic Ocean for European sides. Indeed, no European country pledged to send a team until two months before the start of the competition. Rimet eventually persuaded teams from Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia to make the trip. In total thirteen nations took part: seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America.
The first two World Cup matches took place simultaneously on 18 July 1930, and were won by France and USA, who beat Mexico 4–1 and Belgium 3–0 respectively. The first goal in World Cup history was scored by Lucien Laurent of France. In the final, Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2 in front of a crowd of 93,000 people in Montevideo, and became the first nation to win the World Cup.


After the creation of the World Cup, the
1932 Summer Olympics, held in Los Angeles, did not plan to include football as part of the schedule due to the low popularity of the sport in the United States, as American football had been growing in popularity. FIFA and the IOC also disagreed over the status of amateur players, and so football was dropped from the Games. Olympic football returned at the 1936 Summer Olympics, but was now overshadowed by the more prestigious World Cup.
The issues facing the early World Cup tournaments were the difficulties of intercontinental travel, and war. Few South American teams were willing to travel to Europe for the 1934 and 1938 tournaments, with Brazil the only South American team to compete in both. The 1942 and 1946 competitions were cancelled due to World War II and its aftermath.
The 1950 World Cup, held in Brazil, was the first to include British participants. British teams withdrew from FIFA in 1920, partly out of unwillingness to play against the countries they had been at war with, and partly as a protest against foreign influence on football, but rejoined in 1946 following FIFA's invitation. The tournament also saw the return of 1930 champions Uruguay, who had boycotted the previous two World Cups. Uruguay won the tournament again by defeating the host nation Brazil in one of the most famous matches in World Cup history, which was later called the "Maracanazo" (Portuguese: Maracanaço).
In the tournaments between 1934 and 1978, 16 teams competed in each tournament, except in 1938, when Austria were absorbed into Germany after qualifying, leaving the tournament with 15 teams, and in 1950, when India, Scotland and Turkey withdrew, leaving the tournament with 13 teams. Most of the participating nations were from Europe and South America, with a small minority from North America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. These teams were usually defeated easily by the European and South American teams. Until 1982, the only teams from outside Europe and South America to advance out of the first round were: USA, semi-finalists in 1930; Cuba, quarter-finalists in 1938; Korea DPR, quarter-finalists in 1966; and Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1970.
The tournament was expanded to 24 teams in 1982, and then to 32 in 1998, allowing more teams from Africa, Asia and North America to take part. The one exception is Oceania, who have never had a guaranteed spot in the tournament. In recent years, teams from these regions have enjoyed more success, and those who have reached the quarter-finals include: Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1986; Cameroon, quarter-finalists in 1990; Korea Republic, finishing in fourth place in 2002; and Senegal and USA, both quarter-finalists in 2002. However, European and South American teams have remained the stronger forces. For example, the quarter-finalists in 2006 were all from Europe or South America.
198 nations attempted to qualify for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and a record 204 will attempt to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Other FIFA tournaments

An equivalent tournament for
women's football, the FIFA Women's World Cup, was first held in 1991 in the People's Republic of China. The women's tournament is smaller in scale and profile than the men's, but is growing; the number of entrants for the 2007 tournament was 120, more than double that of 1991.
Football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932. Unlike many other sports, the men's football tournament at the Olympics is not a top-level tournament, and since 1992, an under-23 tournament with each team allowed three over-age players. Women's football made its Olympic debut in 1996, and is contested between full national sides with no age restrictions.
The FIFA Confederations Cup is a tournament held one year before the World Cup at the World Cup host nation(s) as a dress-rehearsal for the upcoming World Cup. It is contested by the winners of each of the six FIFA confederation championships, along with the FIFA World Cup champion and the host country.
FIFA also organizes international tournaments for youth football (FIFA U-20 World Cup, FIFA U-17 World Cup, FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup), club football (FIFA Club World Cup), and football variants such as futsal (FIFA Futsal World Cup) and beach soccer (FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup).


From 1930 to 1970, the Jules Rimet Trophy was awarded to the World Cup winner. It was originally simply known as the World Cup or Coupe du Monde, but in 1946 it was renamed after the FIFA president Jules Rimet who set up the first tournament. In 1970, Brazil's third victory in the tournament entitled them to keep the trophy permanently. However, the trophy was stolen in 1983, and has never been recovered, apparently melted down by the thieves.
After 1970, a new trophy, known as the FIFA World Cup Trophy, was designed. The experts of FIFA, coming from seven different countries, evaluated the 53 presented models, finally opting for the work of the Italian designer Silvio Gazzaniga. The new trophy is 36 cm (14.2 in) high, made of solid 18 carat (75%) gold and weighs 6.175 kg (13.6 lb). The base contains two layers of semi-precious malachite while the bottom side of the trophy bears the engraved year and name of each FIFA World Cup winner since 1974. The description of the trophy by Gazzaniga was: "The lines spring out from the base, rising in spirals, stretching out to receive the world. From the remarkable dynamic tensions of the compact body of the sculpture rise the figures of two athletes at the stirring moment of victory."
This new trophy is not awarded to the winning nation permanently. World Cup winners retain the trophy until the next tournament and are awarded a gold-plated replica rather than the solid gold original.

Selection of Hosts
Early World Cups were given to countries at meetings of FIFA's congress. The choice of location gave rise to controversies, a consequence of the three-week boat journey between South America and Europe, the two centres of strength in football. The decision to hold the first World Cup in Uruguay, for example, led to only four European nations competing. The next two World Cups were both held in Europe. The decision to hold the second of these, the 1938 FIFA World Cup, in France was controversial, as the American countries had been led to understand that the World Cup would rotate between the two continents. Both Argentina and Uruguay thus boycotted the tournament.
Since the 1958 FIFA World Cup, to avoid future boycotts or controversy, FIFA began a pattern of alternating the hosts between the Americas and Europe, which continued until the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The 2002 FIFA World Cup, hosted jointly by South Korea and Japan, was the first one held in Asia, and the only tournament with multiple hosts. In 2010, South Africa will become the first African nation to host the World Cup. The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be hosted by Brazil, the first held in South America since 1978, and will be the first occasion where consecutive World Cups are held outside Europe.

FIFA receives eleven bids for 2018 and 2022 World Cups
The host country is now chosen in a vote by FIFA's Executive Committee. This is done under a single transferable vote system. The national football association of a country desiring to host the event receives a "Hosting Agreement" from FIFA, which explains the steps and requirements that are expected from a strong bid. The bidding association also receives a form, the submission of which represents the official confirmation of the candidacy. After this, a FIFA designated group of inspectors visit the country to identify that the country meets the requirements needed to host the event and a report on the country is produced. The decision on who will host the World Cup is usually made six or seven years in advance of the tournament. However, there have been occasions where the hosts of multiple future tournaments were announced at the same time, as will be the case for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups.
For the 2010 and 2014 World Cups, the final tournament is rotated between confederations, allowing only countries from the chosen confederation (Africa in 2010, South America in 2014) to bid to host the tournament. The rotation policy was introduced after the controversy surrounding Germany's victory over South Africa in the vote to host the 2006 tournament. However, the policy of continental rotation will not continue beyond 2014, so any country, except those belonging to confederations that hosted the two preceding tournaments, can apply as hosts for World Cups starting from 2018. This is partly to avoid a similar scenario to the bidding process for the 2014 tournament, where Brazil was the only official bidder.

Media coverage

See also: List of FIFA World Cup broadcasters
The World Cup was first televised in 1954 and is now the most widely-viewed and followed sporting event in the world, exceeding even the Olympic Games. The cumulative audience of all matches of the 2006 World Cup is estimated to be 26.29 billion. 715.1 million individuals watched the final match of this tournament (a ninth of the entire population of the planet). The 2006 World Cup draw, which decided the distribution of teams into groups, was watched by 300 million viewers.
Each FIFA World Cup since 1966 has its own mascot. World Cup Willie, the mascot for the 1966 competition, was the first World Cup mascot.

Source: Wikipedia

Sunday, July 5, 2009

Youth Pop Culture 2008 - 2009

emo - an American subculture of gore and solitary confinement of one's self and individuality. One sided hair and they usually live alone and in darkness

tight jeans and shirt - to emphasize their fitness, slim long legs and muscular body

very short shorts - to expose the flawlessness of legs

friendster - social networking site created for fun interaction with friends and also a hit with the elderly

facebook - same with friendster and an instant hit with organizations and some causes

SMS, MMS and cellphone - powerful, revolutionary turn of the century innovations of technology that makes communication much more effective, fast & efficient.

Saturday, July 4, 2009

The A(H1N1) or Swine Influenza Virus Pandemic

Influenza A(H1N1) virus is a subtype of influenzavirus A and the most common cause of influenza (flu) in humans. Some strains of H1N1 are endemic in humans and cause a small fraction of all influenza-like illness and a large fraction of all seasonal influenza. H1N1 strains caused roughly half of all human flu infections in 2006. Other strains of H1N1 are endemic in pigs (swine influenza) and in birds (avian influenza).
In June 2009, WHO declared that flu due to a new strain of swine-origin H1N1 was responsible for the 2009 flu pandemic. This strain is commonly called "swine flu" by the public media.

Swine influenza (also called swine flu, hog flu and pig flu) is an infection of a host animal by any one of several specific types of swine influenza virus. In 2009 the media labeled as "swine flu" flu caused by 2009's new strain of swine-origin A/H1N1 pandemic virus just as it had earlier dubbed as "avian flu" flu caused by the recent Asian-linage HPAI (High Pathogenic Avian Influenza) H5N1 strain that is still endemic in many wild bird species in several countries.
A swine influenza virus (SIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is usually hosted by (is endemic in) pigs. As of 2009, the known SIV strains are the influenza C virus and the subtypes of the influenza A virus known as H1N1, H1N2, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3. Swine influenza is common in pigs in the United States (particularly in the midwest and occasionally in other states), Mexico, Canada, South America, Europe (including the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Italy), Kenya, and eastern Asia (namely China, Taiwan, and Japan).
Transmission of swine influenza virus from pigs to humans is not common and does not always cause human influenza, often only resulting in the production of antibodies in the blood. The meat of the animal poses no risk of transmitting the virus when properly cooked. If transmission does cause human influenza, it is called zoonotic swine flu. People who work with pigs, especially people with intense exposures, are at increased risk of catching swine flu. In the mid-20th century, identification of influenza subtypes became possible, which allows accurate diagnosis of transmission to humans. Since then, fifty confirmed transmissions have been recorded. Rarely, these strains of swine flu can pass from human to human. In humans, the symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of influenza and of influenza-like illness in general, namely chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness and general discomfort. Pigs can also become infected with human influenza, and this appears to have happened during the 1918 flu pandemic.
The 2009 swine flu outbreak in humans is due to a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1 that contains genes closely related to swine influenza. The origin of this new strain is unknown. However, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) reports that this strain has not been isolated in pigs. This strain can be transmitted from human to human, and causes the normal symptoms of influenza.

Laboratory-confirmed human cases by country

Cases Deaths
WHO total 89,921 382
ECDC total 90,852 384
Reports Total 92,773 453

United States 30,916 186
Mexico 10,894 119
Argentina 2,800 52
Canada 8,971 33
Chile 8,160 19
Australia 5,254 10
Thailand 1,710 6
United Kingdom 7,447 4
Uruguay 195 4
New Zealand 945 3
Costa Rica 277 3
Guatemala 262 2
Dominican Republic 108 2
Colombia 101 2
Philippines 1,709 1
China 960 1
Spain 776 1
Brazil 756 1
El Salvador 276 1
Honduras 123 1(1)
Paraguay 106 1
Brunei 101 1

Japan 1,517 0
Singapore 969 0
Hong Kong 901 0
Peru 811 0
Israel 577 0
Germany 505 0
Panama 417 0
France 333 0
Malaysia 326 0
Bolivia 319 0
Nicaragua 310 0
South Korea 253 0
Venezuela 206 0
Vietnam 181 0
Ecuador 163 0
Netherlands 135 0
Italy 130 0
India 113 0 (0)
Greece 109 0
Saudi Arabia 89 0
Cuba 85 0
Cyprus 83 0
Sweden 76 0
Switzerland 72 0
Taiwan 72 0
Egypt 67 0
Denmark 63 0
Trinidad and Tobago 59 0
Ireland 51 0

Palestinian Territories 51 0
Belgium 49 0
Lebanon 47 0
Kuwait 46 0
Finland 43 0
Macau 42 0
Norway 41 0
Turkey 40 0
Romania 41 0
Portugal 33 0
Jamaica 32 0
Jordan 22 0
Poland 22 0
Indonesia 20 0
Netherlands Antilles 20 0
Fiji 19 0
Slovakia 18 0
Sri Lanka 18 0
Qatar 17 0
Morocco 17 0
Bangladesh 16 0
Austria 16 0
Bahrain 15 0
Czech Republic 15 0
Serbia 15 0
Cayman Islands 14 0
Suriname 14 0
Estonia 13 0
Bulgaria 13 0
Barbados 12 0
Kenya 12 0
South Africa 12 0
Hungary 12 0
Iraq 11 0
Jersey 11 0
Malta 11 0
Montenegro 10 0
United Arab Emirates 8 0
Cambodia 7 0
Slovenia 7 0
Yemen 7 0
Bahamas 6 0
Luxembourg 6 0
Algeria 5 0
Guernsey 5 0
Nepal 5 0
Iceland 4 0
Cape Verde 3 0
Ethiopia 3 0
Laos 3 0
Lithuania 3 0
Oman 3 0
Russia 3 0
Tunisia 3 0
Antigua and Barbuda 2 0
British Virgin Islands 2 0
Côte d'Ivoire 2 0
Isle of Man 2 0
Samoa 2 0
Vanuatu 2 0
Bermuda 1 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 0
Croatia 1 0
Dominica 1 0
Guam 1 0
Iran 1 0
Latvia 1 0
Mauritius 1 0
Monaco 1 0
Myanmar 1 0
Papua New Guinea 1 0
Palau 1 0
St. Lucia 1 0
Solomon Islands 1 0
Uganda 1 0
Ukraine 1 0

Number of countries, etc., with confirmed cases: 127
# Includes Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands.
## Includes French Polynesia, Martinique and New Caledonia.
### Includes Curaçao, St. Maarten and Bonaire.